Your information to biking on the 2021 Paralympic Video games in Tokyo

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Word: This story first appeared on our sister website, You’ll be able to learn CyclingTips’ full protection of the Paralympics Video games here

With the Tokyo Olympics now full, it’s time for the world’s greatest para athletes to take middle stage. The Tokyo Paralympics started on Tuesday, August 24, and runs via Sunday, September 5.

Right here’s a information to understanding the principles, classes, and classifications for the para biking occasions.

The classifications

To know the dizzying array of medal occasions on the Paralympics, you first want to grasp paracycling classifications.

In paracycling, athletes are divided into ‘sport lessons’ in line with the kind and severity of their impairment(s). You’ll be able to see an in depth breakdown of relevant impairments on page 33 of this UCI document, however in essence, there are eight impairments that make an athlete eligible for paracycling:

  • Impaired muscle energy (e.g. because of a spinal twine harm)
  • Impaired passive vary of motion
  • Limb deficiency (e.g. a number of amputations)
  • Leg size distinction
  • Hypertonia: a rise in muscle pressure and the diminished skill of a muscle to stretch, attributable to injury to the central nervous system (e.g. by way of cerebral palsy, traumatic mind harm, or a stroke)
  • Ataxia: uncoordinated actions attributable to injury to the central nervous system (e.g. by way of cerebral palsy, traumatic mind harm, or a stroke)
  • Athetosis: continuous sluggish involuntary actions (e.g. by way of cerebral palsy, traumatic mind harm, or a stroke)
  • Imaginative and prescient impairment (diminished or no imaginative and prescient)

There are minimal impairment standards that an athlete should attain to be able to be eligible for paracycling classification, and standardized exams that officers use when classifying riders (see page 34 o the UCI guidelines for more information). Completely different ranges of impairment correspond with totally different lessons, with decrease numbers indicating a larger stage of impairment.

As you’ll see beneath, some lessons race collectively whereas others have their very own medal occasion.

Listed below are the biking lessons you’ll see in motion in Tokyo.

H 1-5

Division H occasions are contested by handcyclists. Photograph: Mauro Ujetto/NurPhoto by way of Getty Photos

Division H occasions are contested by handcyclists. Decrease numbers (e.g. H1 and H2) point out athletes with restrictions to each higher and decrease limbs, whereas larger numbers (e.g. H4 and H5) point out restrictions to their higher limbs solely.

Athletes in lessons H1-4 race on recumbent (i.e. reclined) bikes whereas H5 athletes use bikes that facilitate a kneeling or sitting place.

T 1-2

T-1 and T-2 occasions see paracyclists journey on tricycles. Photograph: Brett Keating/Velocity Media/Icon Sportswire by way of Getty Photos

Division T races are contested by athletes who journey tricycles, because of diminished stability and/or a extreme restriction that forestalls them from driving a bicycle.

The T1 class is for athletes with extra vital coordination impairments, whereas T2 athletes have much less vital impairments.

C 1-5

Division C athletes journey modified customary bicycles that accommodate their our bodies. Photograph: David Fitzgerald/Sportsfile by way of Getty Photos

Division C athletes journey a regular bicycle, typically modified to accommodate their impairment(s). For example, an athlete with an arm impairment would possibly use otherwise formed handlebars.

Decrease-numbered lessons (e.g. C1-2) point out a extra extreme limitation in decrease and/or higher limbs.


Division B riders compete on tandem bicycles piloted by a sighted athlete. Photograph: Kiyoshi Ota/Getty Photos

Division B is for vision-impaired athletes who journey a tandem bike piloted by a sighted athlete. Tandem pilots should not be a part of a UCI-registered staff, and should not have been a part of a WorldTeam or ProTeam for the earlier 12 months.

Factored occasions

Factored occasions are people who embody athletes from totally different lessons and the place riders’s occasions are scaled to be able to take into consideration the severity of every competitor’s impairment(s). The purpose is to make sure fairness between lessons.

Some athletes could have their outcomes ‘factored’, whereas others is not going to. The gold medal in such occasions is handed to the rider with the quickest time in spite of everything occasions have been factored.

For instance, listed below are the components that apply to Division C street biking occasions (you could find tables for different divisions in part 16.1.005 of the UCI’s Paracycling laws).

Within the girls’s C 1-2-3 time trial in Tokyo, for instance, C3 girls will get no matter time they journey in opposition to the clock. C2 girls can be given a time that’s 96.15 p.c of their ending time, and for C1 girls that share is 92.45 p.c. The rider with the bottom time in spite of everything these calculations will win gold.

One quirk of this method is {that a} rider can break a world report for his or her particular class, however not win the occasion. Word that whereas a while trials are factored occasions, the equal street races aren’t.

A desk exhibiting the UCI’s desk for factoring occasions.

Street races and time trials

Andrea Eskau of Germany competes within the Ladies’s Time Trial H4-5 throughout the Rio 2016 Paralympic Video games, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 14 September 2016. Photograph: Jens Buettner/dpa | utilization worldwide (Photograph by Jens Büttner/image alliance by way of Getty Photos)

Right here’s the complete schedule of road cycling medal events at the Tokyo Paralympics.

Street races: 

And beneath is a breakdown of all of the street races by class.

Males Ladies Combined
H 1-2 street race

H 3 street race

H4 street race

C 1-2-3 street race

C 4-5 street race

B street race

T 1-2 street race

H 1-2-3-4 street race

H5 street race

C 1-2-3- street race

C 4-5 street race

B street race

T 1-2 street race

H 1-5 staff relay


All street races (besides the combined staff relay) will happen on the identical 13.2km circuit that begins and finishes on the Fuji Worldwide Speedway. It’s a lumpy circuit, outlined by a 3.5km climb to the end line.

The variety of laps will differ between lessons. All street races can be held between Wednesday, September 1 and Friday, September 3.

Time trials

Rio , Brazil – 14 September 2016; Colin Lynch of Eire in motion throughout the Males’s Time Trial C2 on the Pontal Biking Street throughout the Rio 2016 Paralympic Video games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (Photograph By Diarmuid Greene/Sportsfile by way of Getty Photos)

All lessons will race on an undulating 8km time trial course inside the Fuji Worldwide Speedway complicated. As with the street races, the variety of laps will rely upon the category. All time trials can be held on Tuesday, August 31.

Males Ladies










T 1-2 ITT (Factored)

H 1-2-3 ITT (Factored)

H 4-5 ITT (Factored)

C 1-2-3 ITT (Factored)




T 1-2 ITT (Factored)


Workforce relay

Italy gained the lads’s Workforce Relay in 2016. Photograph: Mauro Ujetto/NurPhoto by way of Getty Photos

The combined staff relay can be contested by groups of three handcyclists. Every rider will full three laps of a flattish 2.8 km Fuji Speedway course, for a complete of 9 laps per staff. Riders two and three might begin their laps when the earlier rider crosses the end line.

Workforce composition is ruled by a factors system, with athletes allotted factors primarily based on their gender and impairment(s). Every staff of three should solely have a most of 9 factors, and should embody an athlete with a most rating of two factors. Right here’s the course and profile for the combined relay. The combined staff relay can be held on Thursday, September 2.

This desk exhibits the factors system for the staff relay.

Monitor biking

Bike owner Erich Winkler of Germany competes within the Biking Monitor – Males’s C1 3000M Particular person Pursuit Qualification of the Rio 2016 Paralympic Video games, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 09 September 2016. Winkler’s prothesis departed from the pedal. He was allowed by the jury to repeat his warmth and certified for the bronze medal race. Photograph: Kay Nietfeld/dpa | utilization worldwide (Photograph by Kay Nietfeld/image alliance by way of Getty Photos)

Listed below are the entire observe biking medal occasions that’ll be taking place on the 250-meter Izu Velodrome.

Males Ladies Combined
C 1-2-3 Kilo (Factored)

C 4-5 Kilo (Factored)

C 1 Pursuit

C 2 Pursuit

C 3 Pursuit

C 4 Pursuit

C 5 Pursuit

B Kilo

B Pursuit


C 1-2-3 500m (Factored)

C 4-5 500m (Factored)

C 1-2-3 Pursuit

C 4 Pursuit

C 5 Pursuit

B Kilo

B Pursuit

C 1-5 Workforce Dash

Right here’s a breakdown of the varied disciplines and what they entail:

The ‘Kilo’

A 1km (four-lap) time trial contested by Division B (vision-impaired) women and men, and Division C (customary bicycle) males. Division C girls contest this self-discipline over 500 meters (two laps).


A person pursuit, with two riders beginning on opposites sides of the observe. First throughout the end line wins. Division B males and C4-5 women and men race over 4,000 meters. C1-3 women and men, plus Division B girls all race over 3,000m.

Workforce dash

Raced by mixed-gender groups of three Division C riders over three laps. After every lap, the lead rider peels off, permitting the remaining rider(s) to proceed on to the road.

A staff is allowed a most of 10 factors when deciding on its line-up, with riders allotted factors in line with their gender and impairment(s).

All observe biking occasions can be held from Wednesday, August 25 to Saturday, August 28. Observe the hyperlink for a full schedule of track cycling events at the Tokyo Paralympics for extra data.